Biographical data of Ernst Barlach
1870 Born in Wedel (Holstein) on 2. January
1884 Death of his father. Barlach spent his youth in Wedel, Schönberg and Ratzeburg
1888 Student at the Allgemeine Gewerbeschule (General Vocational School)
1891 Studies at the Kunstakademie, Dresden (Royal Academy of Fine Arts).
Master student of Prof. Robert Dietz (from 1892)
1895 Final exam at the Kunstakademie, Dresden. His Final assignment is the
Studies in Paris at the Académie Julian (1897 second visit to Paris )
1899 First stay in Berlin. Acquaintance with the publisher Reinhard Piper and
the author Karl Scheffler
1901 Lives and works in Wedel. Designs for ceramics at the pottery Mutz in Altona
1904 Teaching assignment at the Keramische Fachschule in Höhr-Grenzhausen,
First exhibition of his ceramics and his drawings at Kunstsalon Mutz in Berlin
1906 Travels with his brother Nikolaus to Russia, a journey that proves to be very
important for his artistic development. Birth of his son Nikolaus
1907 Friendschip with the sculptor August Gaul. Barlach becomes member of the
artist’ association Berliner Sezession.
1908 Participation at the winter exhibition of Berliner Sezession
(sculptures and drawings). First wooden sculptures. Contract with
the art-dealer Paul Cassirer.
1909 Awardee of Villa Romana Prize, Florence (Italy).
Friendship with the poet Theodor Däubler
1910 Moves to Güstrow to his mother, who is taking care of his son.
Participates at the first exhibition of the Sonderbund in Düsseldorf and
at the 21. exhibition of Berliner Sezession.
1914 Barlach is elected to the Board of Freie Sezession.
Friendship with Friedrich Schult
1915 Reservist with Landsturm in Sonderburg
1917 First solo exhibition at the Kunstsalon Paul Cassirer in Berlin
1919 Member of Preußische Akademie der Künste (Prussian Academy of the Arts)
Premieres of his dramas „Der arme Vetter“ (in Hamburg) and „Der tote Tag“
1924 Awardee of the Kleist Award for his dramas
1925 Acquaitance with the couple Bernhard and Marga Böhmer. Marga Böhmer later
became his life partner.
1926 Retrospective of his wooden sculptures at the Kunstsalon Paul Cassirer
from 1927 Public contracts for several war-memorials, for example in Güstrow, Kiel,
Hamburg and Magdeburg
1929 The unveiling of the wooden memorial in Magdeburg intensifies attacks from
right-wingers against Barlach. As a result Barlach withdraws his designs for a
memorial in Malchin (Mecklenburg)
1930 Big Retrospective on the occasion of the 60. birthday of the artist in Berlin,
Essen, Kiel and Lübeck. Construction of a new studio at Heidberg, Güstrow. Contract with Alfred Flechtheim concering casting of bronzes from plaster
1933 Barlach gives radio address in which he protests against the forced expulsion
of Käthe Kollwitz and Heinrich Mann from the Akademie der Künste.
1934 Exhibition at Kunsthalle, Bern.
Acquaintance with Hermann F. Reemtsma, who supports Barlach
1936 Barlachs works were confiscated at the anniversary exhibition of the
Akademie der Künste
1937 His works are removed from major German Museums. Removal of his memorials
in Kiel and Güstrow. Forced resignation from the Akademie der Künste, Berlin. Barlach is banned from exhibiting.
1938 Ernst Barlach dies on October, 24.
Commemorative exhibition at Buchholz Gallery, New York.